50 Python interview questions and answers

50 Python interview questions and answers

Edureka offers a Data Science with Python Course that will help you master the art of analytics and data science techniques employing Python. As Python has no concept of private variables, leading underscores are used to indicate variables that must not be accessed from outside the class. Dictionaries are created by specifying keys and values. A session basically allows you to remember information from one request to another. In a flask, a session uses a signed cookie so the user can look at the session contents and modify them.

Boolean is one of the built-in data types in Python, it mainly contains two values, which are true and false. Python is a high-level and object-oriented programming language with unified semantics designed primarily for developing apps and the web. It is the core language in the field of Rapid Application Development (RAD) as it offers options such as dynamic binding and dynamic typing. It is one of the most popular and frequently used programming languages, and its interpretive nature allows for the incorporation of dynamic semantics. It is also a free and open-source language with a syntax that is both basic and clear. Python lets users include a description (or quick notes) for their methods using documentation strings or docstrings.

What is the procedure to install Python on Windows and set path variables?

This method is automatically called to allocate memory when a new object/ instance of a class is created. A one-to-one relationship between keys and values is established by this. A pair of keys and their values are contained in dictionaries. It is a programming language for computers of all kinds. It is an object-oriented high-level language that works equally well on Windows, Linux, UNIX, and Macintosh.

Python developer interview questions

This means that changing one variable’s value affects the other variable’s value because they are referring (or pointing) to the same object. This difference between a shallow and a deep copy is only applicable to objects that contain other objects, like lists and instances of a class. Once you have been invited for a Python Developer job interview, you’ll need to brush up on your programming language knowledge and review your projects and achievements. Python documentation strings (or docstrings) provide a convenient way of associating documentation with Python modules, functions, classes, and methods. We have prepared a list of the Top 50 Python Interview Questions along with their answers to ace in interviews.

List the features of Django?

Time Complexity
The time complexity for this algorithm is O(n+m)O(n+m)O(n+m) where n and m are the lengths of the lists. This is because both lists are iterated over at least once. The find method checks if the string contains a substring. If it does, the method returns the starting index of a substring within the string; otherwise, it returns -1.

Python developer interview questions

Inheritance provides code reusability, makes it easier to create and maintain an application. The class from which we are inheriting is called super-class and the class that is inherited is called a derived / child class. Behavioral Python interview questions focus on how you have handled past work situations. In Python, iterators are used to iterate a group of elements, containers like a list. Iterators are collections of items, and they can be a list, tuples, or a dictionary. Python iterator implements __itr__ and the next() method to iterate the stored elements.

Common Technical Python Interview Questions

It initializes instance-specific attributes and is called when an object is created from the class. What are Python data types, and how do you check the type of a variable? Python has built-in data types like int, float, str, list, tuple, and dict. My first step was to analyze the existing code and identify bottlenecks. I discovered that the primary issue was inefficient use of memory and excessive disk I/O operations due to loading entire CSV files into memory before processing them. To address this, I decided to implement a streaming approach using Python’s built-in csv module, allowing us to read and process the data row by row without consuming too much memory.

Python developer interview questions

Same other tools to find bugs in Python code are pylint and pyflakes. A split() function works on strings to cut a large piece into smaller chunks, or sub-strings. We can specify a separator to start splitting, or it uses the space as one by default. Slicing is https://wizardsdev.com/en/vacancy/middle-python-developer/ also a string operation for extracting a part of the string, or some part of a list. Python provides many built-in functions that are surrounded by _ symbol at the start and end of the function name. The double _ symbol is used for reserved names of functions.

Write a code to display the current time?

In this case, we have passed int as the datatype to the defaultdict. Hence, any key that does not already exist in defaultdict_demo will be assigned a value of 0, unless a value is defined for it. The first code snippet below shows a simple dictionary and how when a key that does not exist in the dict is accessed, it gives an error.

Such a system requires creating a schema, which needs piping the schema.sql file into the sqlite3 command. Python developers need to install the sqlite3 command to create or initiate the database in Flask. In the init method, the self variable refers to the newly created object, whereas it relates to the object whose method was called in other methods. The string literals encased in triple quotes that come right after the definition of a function, method, class, or module are called Python docstrings. The functionality of a function, method, class, or module is typically described using these terms. Using the __doc__ attribute, we may retrieve these docstrings.

In Python, using the ‘with’ statement, we can open a file and close it as soon as the block of code, where ‘with’ is used, exits. In this way, we can opt for not using the close() method. Python does follow an object-oriented programming paradigm and has all the basic OOPs concepts such as inheritance, polymorphism, and more, with the exception of access specifiers. Python doesn’t support strong encapsulation (adding a private keyword before data members). Although, it has a convention that can be used for data hiding, i.e., prefixing a data member with two underscores. Functions in Python, range() and xrange(), are used to iterate inside a for loop for a fixed number of times.

  • When discussing your past Python projects, focus on the problem-solving process, your contributions, and the outcomes.
  • Its built-in admin interface and ORM allowed me to streamline the development process and efficiently manage data models.
  • The 40 Python interview questions below contain basic to expert level interview questions asked by recruiters.
  • These variables can be accessed by any function in the program.

This self is explicitly considered as the first parameter in Python. Moreover, we can also access all the methods and attributes of the classes in Python programming using self keyword. As a Full Stack Python Developer, you’ll be responsible for creating and maintaining the front-end and back-end of web applications. Ensuring the security of your code is essential to protect sensitive data and prevent unauthorized access to the applications you develop. This approach allowed me to significantly reduce the overall execution time by running multiple coroutines concurrently, rather than waiting for each request to complete sequentially.


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